Li Style Tai Chi 李氏太極拳
of Liruìdōng 李瑞东
(not to be confused with the Lee Style of Chan Kam Lee, made famous by Chee Soo.)
李瑞东 Li Ruidong (1851-1917)
Li Taijiquan was created by Li Rui Dong (1851-1917), an accomplished martial artist who was also known for his Chuo Jiao, Fanziquan, and Tantui.
Li was given the nickname “Nose Lee” due to his flat nose. His family ran a herbal medicine business.
Li learned tai chi from Wang Zi Fu, a student of Yang Luchan. He also learned Neijia Bagua Chimen quan. from Gan Danren, descendant of the famous master Gan Fengchi.
Li coached at the compound of Prince Rui in Beijing and was a guard at the Forbidden City. This gave him the opportunity to associate with Bagua masters Yin Fu 尹福（1840－1909), Cheng Tinghua 程廷華（1848－1900), and other students of Dong Haichuan 董海川（1797－1882）.
He developed Li style tai chi and established the Guang Wu Institute in Tian Jing. He is also credited with writing several books on martial arts, including: Thirteen Forms of taiji, taiji Thirteen Dan, Taiji Four Cannons, Taiji Old Three Pushes, Taiji White Tiger, Thirteen Forms of Saber, Taiji Qing Feng Spear, Five Tiger Special Spear, Taiji Black Dragon Thirteen Forms of Spear, Taiji Thirteen Forms of Sword, Taiji Thirteen Forms of Interlinked Spear from Chang Shan School, Saber vs. Saber, Saber vs. Staff, Saber vs. Long Spear, Staff vs. Staff Spear vs. Spear
Li style has a number of routines and is based on principles of classical Chinese philosophy including
- San Cai (Three Powers of Heaven, Humanity and Earth), and include clearly defined Wu (Martial), Wen (scholarly) and Wen Wu (combined) approaches.
- 22 Posture Routine
- Five Dragons Cannon Punch (based on five major techniques of Yang style Taijiquan and containing elements of baguazhang and xingyiquan.)
- Thirteen Li Tai Chi Sword Routines
- Li Taiji liuhe Feng Mo Palm
- Li Tai Chi Thirteen Dan
Energetic and structural concepts include:
- San Cai (Three Powers),
- Five Element Hammering,
- Lao San Tui (Old Three Pushes),
- Si Men Pao (Four Door Cannons),
- Ba Da Jia (Big Eight Frames),
- Xiao Ba Jia (Small Eight Frames),
- Shi San dan (Thirteen Dan),
- Shi San Gan Ji (Thirteen Firm Frames), and more.
Among their more esoteric theories is “Sheng Tai Pei Yu Hun Yuan Gong” The exercises of the Holy Foetus Returning to the Origin. Many Chi Kung as well as physical exercises are contained in the art.